A Genetic Approach to Motion Planning of Redundant Mobile Manipulator Systems Considering Safety and Configuration


This article presents a genetic algorithm approach to multi-criteria motion planning of mobile manipulator systems. For mobile robot path planning, traveling distance and path safety are considered. The workspace of a mobile robot is represented as a grid by cell decomposition, and a wave front expansion algorithm is used to build the numerical potential fields for both the goal and the obstacles. For multi-criteria position and configuration optimization of a mobile manipulator, least torque norm, manipulability, torque distribution and obstacle avoidance are considered. The emphasis of the study is placed on using genetic algorithms to search for global optimal solutions and solve the minimax problem for manipulator torque distribution. Various simulation results from two examples show that the proposed genetic algorithm approach performs better than the conventional methods.