Balancing Convergence and Diversity in Decomposition-Based Many-Objective Optimizers


The decomposition-based multiobjective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) generally make use of aggregation functions to decompose a multiobjective optimization problem into multiple single-objective optimization problems. However, due to the nature of contour lines for the adopted aggregation functions, they usually fail to preserve the diversity in high-dimensional objective space even by using diverse weight vectors. To address this problem, we propose to maintain the desired diversity of solutions in their evolutionary process explicitly by exploiting the perpendicular distance from the solution to the weight vector in the objective space, which achieves better balance between convergence and diversity in many-objective optimization. The idea is implemented to enhance two well-performing decomposition-based algorithms, i.e., MOEA, based on decomposition and ensemble fitness ranking. The two enhanced algorithms are compared to several state-of-the-art algorithms and a series of comparative experiments are conducted on a number of test problems from two well-known test suites. The experimental results show that the two proposed algorithms are generally more effective than their predecessors in balancing convergence and diversity, and they are also very competitive against other existing algorithms for solving many-objective optimization problems.